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ARCHIVED - Fact Sheets on Federally Regulated Sectors and Federally Regulated Activities

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Scope of Federal Regulatory Activity

The scope of federal regulations is large, and can be divided into a number of areas most relevant to business. While this is not a comprehensive list, it gives a sense of the scope of federal regulation.

Major federally regulated sectors Scope
Financial, Commerce, and Government information: regulations affecting business operations in all sectors
  • Banking
  • Financial transactions
  • Marketplace, trade and investment
  • Weights and measures
  • Incorporation, ownership, investment, competition (e.g. telecommunications), and licensing
  • Life and health insurance (shared with provinces)
  • Bankruptcy and insolvency; patents, copyright and trade-marks
  • GST, HST, excise, T4, T2, payroll, record of employment
  • Government business surveys
  • Procurement, contracting (i.e. selling to government)
  • Temporary foreign workers
Broadcast, Telecommunications, Radio Frequency Spectrum
  • issuing, renewing and amending broadcasting licences
  • decisions on mergers, acquisitions and changes of ownership in broadcasting
  • tariffs and certain agreements for the telecommunications industry
  • competition
  • licences for international telecommunications services (for incoming and outgoing calls to and from Canada)
  • radio frequency spectrum allocation, utilization and services
Transportation
  • Safety, security, and environmental sustainability of air, marine, road and rail transportation
  • Interprovincial transportation
  • Safe and Accessible Waterways
Environment
  • Preserve and enhance the quality of the natural environment, including water, air, soil, flora and fauna.
  • Protection of the environment and human health (e.g., toxic substances, species at risk).
  • Coordinate environmental policies and programs for the federal government.
  • Healthy and Productive Aquatic Ecosystems.
  • Sustainable Fisheries and Aquaculture.
Food and Agriculture
  • Food safety, seeds, marketing
  • Public health risks associated with the food supply and transmission of animal disease to humans.
  • Achieving a safe and sustainable plant and animal resource base.
  • Consumer protection and market access based on the application of science and standards
  • Packaging and labelling
Health
  • Drug approvals, product safety, pesticides, chemicals
  • Approves the use of products, including biologics, consumer goods, foods, medical devices, natural health products, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, and toxic substances.
  • Prevent and reduce risks to individual health and the overall environment.
  • Promotes healthier lifestyles and helps Canadians make informed health decisions.
Energy and Natural Resources
  • Nuclear energy, pipelines, mines, fisheries, forestry
  • Responsible development and use of Canada's natural resources and the competitiveness of Canada's resource products.
  • Protecting the health, safety and security of Canadians and the environment related to nuclear energy projects.
  • International and interprovincial aspects of the oil, gas and electric utility industries.

Major Federal Regulators

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC)

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada provides information, research and technology, and policies and programs to help Canada's agriculture, agri-food and agri-based products sector increase its environmental sustainability, compete in markets at home and abroad, manage risk, and embrace innovation. The activities of the Department extend from the farmer to the consumer, from the farm to global markets, through all phases of producing, processing and marketing of agriculture and agri-food products.

The other portfolio organizations include: the Canadian Dairy Commission; the Canadian Food Inspection Agency; the Canadian Grain Commission; Farm Credit Canada; Canada Agricultural Review Tribunal; and the Farm Products Council of Canada. AAFC also includes the Canadian Pari-Mutuel Agency, a special operating agency that regulates and supervises pari-mutuel betting on horse racing at racetracks across Canada. AAFC provides the overall leadership and coordination on federal rural policies and programs through Canada's Rural Partnership, and supports co-operatives to promote economic growth and social development of Canadian society, through the Rural and Co-operatives Development program activity. The Department also supports the Minister in his role as Minister for the Canadian Wheat Board.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Acts

  • Agricultural Marketing Programs Act
  • Agricultural Products Marketing Act
  • Animal Pedigree Act
  • Canada Grain Act
  • Canadian Agricultural Loans Act
  • Canadian Dairy Commission Act
  • Canadian Wheat Board Act
  • Department of Agriculture and Agri-Food Act
  • Experimental Farm Stations Act
  • Farm Debt Mediation Act
  • Farm Credit Canada Act
  • Farm Income Protection Act
  • Farm Products Agencies Act
  • Prairie Farm Rehabilitation Act

Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA)

The Canada Border Services Agency provides integrated border services that support national security priorities and facilitate the free flow of people and goods, including food, plants and animals, across the border. Specific responsibilities include the following:

  • administering legislation (over 90 acts) that governs the admissibility of people, goods and plants and animals entering and leaving Canada;
  • detaining those people who may pose a threat to Canada;
  • identifying and removing people who are inadmissible to Canada, including those involved in terrorism, organized crime, war crimes or crimes against humanity;
  • interdicting illegal goods entering or leaving the country;
  • protecting food safety, plant and animal health, and Canada's resource base;
  • promoting Canadian business and economic benefits by administering trade legislation and trade agreements to meet Canada's international obligations, including the enforcement of trade remedies that help protect Canadian industry from the injurious effects of dumped and subsidized imported goods;
  • administering a fair and impartial redress mechanism; and collecting applicable duties and taxes on imported goods.

Examples of Acts Administered by the CBSA

  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act
  • Canada Border Services Agency Act
  • Citizenship Act
  • Criminal Code
  • Customs Act
  • Customs Tariff
  • Excise Act
  • Excise Tax Act
  • Export and Import Permits Act
  • Food and Drugs Act
  • Health of Animals Act
  • Immigration and Refugee Protection Act
  • Plant Protection Act
  • Special Import Measures Act

Canada Revenue Agency (CRA)

The Canada Revenue Agency is the principal revenue collector in the country and is responsible for distributing benefit payments to millions of Canadians each year. The CRA is mandated to administer tax, benefit, and other programs on behalf of the Government of Canada and provincial, territorial, and certain First Nations governments. The CRA exercises its mandate within a framework of complex laws enacted by Parliament, as well as by provincial and territorial legislatures.

Examples of Acts Administered by the Canada Revenue Agency

  • Canada Revenue Agency Act
  • Excise Tax Act
  • Income Tax Act
  • Old Age Security Act
  • Salaries Act
  • Taxpayer Bill of Rights

Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency, with responsibilities flowing from 13 federal statutes and 42 sets of regulations, is responsible for delivering all federally-mandated programs for food inspection, food-related consumer protection and for delivering programs for plant and animal health and production systems. The Agency works with its partners to implement food safety measures; manage food, animal and plant risks and emergencies; and promote the development of food safety and disease control systems to maintain the safety of Canada's agriculture, aquaculture and fisheries, and agri-food products. The Agency's activities include verifying domestic and foreign industry compliance; registering and inspecting establishments; testing food, animals, plants and their related products; and approving the use of many agricultural inputs.

CFIA's Legislative Authority

  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act
  • Canada Agricultural Products Act
  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act
  • Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act (as it relates to food)
  • Feeds Act
  • Fertilizers Act
  • Fish Inspection Act
  • Food and Drugs Act (as it relates to food)
  • Health of Animals Act
  • Meat Inspection Act
  • Plant Breeders' Rights Act
  • Plant Protection Act
  • Seeds Act

Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC)

Citizenship and Immigration Canada selects foreign nationals as permanent and temporary residents and offers Canada's protection to refugees. The Department develops Canada's admissibility policy, which sets the conditions for entering and remaining in Canada; it also conducts, in collaboration with its partners, the screening of potential permanent and temporary residents to protect the health, safety and security of Canadians. Fundamentally, the Department builds a stronger Canada by helping immigrants and refugees settle and fully integrate into Canadian society and the economy, and by encouraging and facilitating their ultimate acquisition of Canadian citizenship. CIC is also responsible for the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)—jointly administered by CIC, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC), the CBSA and the Quebec Ministère de l'Immigration et des Communautés culturelles—allows employers to hire foreign workers on a temporary basis when Canadians or permanent residents are not available.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada Acts

  • Jurisdiction over immigration is a shared responsibility between the federal and provincial governments under section 95 of the Constitution Act, 1867
  • Department of Citizenship and Immigration Act
  • Citizenship Act (1977)
  • Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (shared responsibility with the Minister of Public Safety, CIC and the Canada Border Services Agency)
  • Canadian Multiculturalism Act (transferred to CIC from the Department of Canadian Heritage, 2008)

Department of Finance Canada

Finance Canada is committed to making a difference for Canadians by helping the Government of Canada develop and implement strong and sustainable economic, fiscal, tax, social, security, international and financial sector policies and programs. It plays an important role in ensuring that government spending is focused on results and delivers value for taxpayer dollars. The Department interacts extensively with other federal departments and agencies and plays a pivotal role in the analysis and design of public policy across a wide range of issues affecting Canadians.

Finance Canada's responsibilities include the following:

  • Preparing the federal budget and full economic and fiscal updates;
  • Developing tax and tariff policy and legislation;
  • Managing federal borrowing on financial markets;
  • Administering major transfers of federal funds to the provinces and territories;
  • Developing regulatory policy for the country's financial sector; and
  • Representing Canada in various international financial institutions and groups.

The Department also plays an important central agency role, working with other departments to ensure that the government's agenda is carried out and that ministers are supported with first rate analysis and advice.

Department of Finance Canada Legislation

Finance Canada oversees the development of tax law and other measures, including legislation governing banks and other federal financial institutions, and payments to provinces such as equalization, all of which the Minister of Finance is responsible for.

The Department is therefore involved in preparing many bills that come before Parliament. In an average year a quarter of all the legislation going to Parliament is sponsored by the Minister of Finance. In some years Finance's share is even greater. The Department releases draft legislation for consultation.

Environment Canada

Environment Canada's is one of the largest regulators in the federal government, with statutory and program responsibilities relating to biodiversity and environmental protection. The objective is to generate standards and guides for practices that will enhance Canada's natural capital and second, set out boundaries and barriers to activities that put Canada's environment at risk. In discharging its regulatory responsibilities, Environment Canada also assumes an enforcement function necessary to ensure that companies and individuals comply with pollution prevention and wildlife acts and regulations. This effort, which includes compliance promotion, is undertaken in collaboration with provincial and territorial governments, national and international agencies and organizations, and addresses, for example, the use of toxic substances and their release to air, water or land. Wildlife enforcement officers enforce Canadian wildlife legislation which protects plant and animal species from human interventions, such as hunting or trade that could adversely affect long-term wildlife conservation.

Environment Canada Acts

Over 20 acts and regulations provide the Department with its mandate and allow it to carry out its programs. Under the Department of the Environment Act, the powers, duties and functions of the Minister of the Environment extend to and include matters relating to:

  • the preservation and enhancement of the quality of the natural environment, including water, air and soil quality;
  • renewable resources, including migratory birds and other non-domestic flora and fauna;
  • water;
  • meteorology;
  • the enforcement of any rules or regulations made by the International Joint Commission relating to boundary waters; and
  • the coordination of the policies and programs of the Government of Canada respecting the preservation and enhancement of the quality of the natural environment.

Other key acts:

  • Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999
  • Federal Sustainable Development Act
  • Canadian Environmental Assessment Act

Environment Canada is also a key partner with other federal departments on other acts:

  • Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act
  • Canada Foundation for Sustainable Development Technology Act
  • Marine Liability Act

Health Canada

Health Canada has many roles and responsibilities that help Canadians maintain and improve their health. As a regulator, Health Canada is responsible for the regulatory regime governing the safety of products including food, pharmaceuticals, medical devices, natural health products, consumer products, chemicals, radiation emitting devices, cosmetics and pesticides. It also regulates tobacco products and controlled substances, public health on aircraft, ships and other passenger conveyances, and helps manage the health risks to humans posed by environmental factors such as air, water, radiation and contaminants.

Acts for which Health Canada has Total or Partial Responsibility

  • Assisted Human Reproduction Act
  • Canada Health Act
  • Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse Act
  • Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999
  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research Act
  • Controlled Drugs and Substances Act
  • Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Implementation Act [Not In Force]
  • Department of Health Act
  • Financial Administration Act
  • Fitness and Amateur Sport Act
  • Food and Drugs Act
  • Hazardous Materials Information Review Act
  • Hazardous Products Act
  • Patent Act
  • Pest Control Products Act
  • Pesticide Residue Compensation Act
  • Quarantine Act
  • Radiation Emitting Devices Act
  • Tobacco Act

Acts for which Health Canada is involved or has a special interest

  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act
  • Broadcasting Act
  • Canada Labour Code
  • Canada Medical Act
  • Canada Shipping Act
  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act
  • Emergency Preparedness Act
  • Energy Supplies Emergency Act
  • Excise Tax Act
  • Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act
  • Feeds Act
  • Immigration Act
  • National Parks Act
  • Nuclear Safety and Control Act
  • Non-Smokers Health Act
  • Queen Elizabeth II Canadian Research Fund Act
  • Trade Marks Act

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC)

Human Resources and Skills Development Canada delivers its mandate through three business lines: programs that support human resources and skills development, the Labour Program, and Service Canada. Together HRSDC's three business lines deliver a range of programs and services that affect the lives of Canadians during all stages of life, including: Old Age Security; Canada Pension Plan; Employment Insurance; Canada Student Loans & Grants; National Child Benefit; and Universal Child Care Benefit. Through the Labour Program, HRSDC is responsible for labour laws and policies in federally-regulated workplaces. Its mandate includes promoting and protecting workplace health and safety and labour standards, facilitating constructive labour relations, developing labour-related policy and program options in response to changes in economic and social conditions, providing customized information about industrial relations and workplace trends, representing Canada in international organizations dealing with labour issues, and negotiating labour cooperation agreements and cooperative frameworks with free trade partners and emerging economic partners. HRSDC, through Service Canada, connects Canadians with a wide range of programs and services offered by the Government of Canada. Through its network of service channels and offices, it helps Canadians find information about Government of Canada programs and services, apply for national programs managed by HRSDC such as Old Age Security, the Canada Pension Plan, or Employment Insurance, and access services delivered on behalf of partners, such as the Passport Receiving Agent service.

Human Resources and Social Development Canada Acts

  • Canada Education Savings Act
  • Canada Labour Code, Parts I, II, and III
  • Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation Act
  • Canada Pension Plan - Part II and III
  • Canada Student Financial Assistance Act
  • Canada Student Loans Act
  • Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety Act
  • CES Grant Regulations
  • Civil Service Insurance Act
  • Department of Human Resources and Skills Development Act
  • Department of Social Development Canada Act
  • Employment Insurance Act
  • Fair Wages and Hours of Labour Act
  • Federal Accountability Act
  • Federal-Provincial Fiscal Arrangements Act (FPFAA)
  • Financial Administration Act
  • Government Annuities Act
  • Government Annuities Improvement Act
  • Government Employees Compensation Act
  • Hazardous Materials Information Review Act -ss.28 (2)(d) and 43 (2)(a)
  • Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting Co., Limited Act
  • Labour Adjustment Benefits Act
  • Merchant Seamen Compensation Act
  • National Housing Act
  • Non-smokers' Health Act
  • Old Age Security Act
  • Status of the Artist Act (Part II)
  • Unemployment Assistance Act
  • Universal Child Care Benefit Act
  • Wage Earner Protection Program Act
  • Wages Liability Act

Service Canada:

  • Canada Pension Plan
  • Canada Pension Regulations
  • Department of Human Resources and Skills Development Act
  • Department of Social Development Act
  • Employment Equity Act
  • Employment Insurance Act
  • Employment Insurance Regulations
  • Old Age Security Act
  • Old Age Security Regulations
  • Unemployment Assistance Act

Industry Canada

Industry Canada is the Government of Canada's centre of microeconomic policy expertise. The Department's founding legislation, the Department of Industry Act, established the Ministry to foster a growing, competitive and knowledge-based Canadian economy.

Industry Canada is a department with many entities that have distinct mandates, with program activities that are widely diverse and highly dependent on partnerships. Industry Canada works on a broad range of matters related to industry and technology, trade and commerce, science, consumer affairs, corporations and corporate securities, competition and restraint of trade, weights and measures, bankruptcy and insolvency, intellectual property, investment, small business, and tourism.

The many and varied activities Industry Canada carries out to deliver on its mandate are organized around three, interdependent and mutually-reinforcing strategic outcomes, each linked to a separate key strategy.

  1. Advancing the marketplace: Industry Canada fosters competitiveness by developing and administering economic framework policies that promote competition and innovation; support investment and entrepreneurial activity; and instill consumer, investor and business confidence.
  2. Fostering the knowledge-based economy: Industry Canada invests in science and technology to generate knowledge and equip Canadians with the skills and training they need to compete and prosper in the global, knowledge-based economy. These investments help ensure that discoveries and breakthroughs take place here in Canada and that Canadians realize the social and economic benefits.
  3. Supporting business: Industry Canada encourages business innovation and productivity because businesses generate jobs and wealth creation. Promoting economic development in communities encourages the development of skills, ideas and opportunities across the country.

Departmental Legislation

  • Department of Industry Act

Telecommunications Legislation

  • Radiocommunication Act
  • Telecommunications Act

Marketplace and Trade Regulation

  • Agreement on Internal Trade Implementation Act
  • Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act
  • Boards of Trade Act
  • Canada Business Corporations Act
  • Canada Cooperatives Act
  • Canada Corporations Act
  • Canada Small Business Financing Act
  • Companies' Creditors Arrangement Act
  • Competition Act
  • Government Corporations Operation Act
  • Investment Canada Act
  • Winding-up and Restructuring Act

Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO) Legislation

  • Copyright Act
  • Industrial Design Act
  • Integrated Circuit Topography Act
  • Patent Act
  • Public Servants Inventions Act
  • Trade-marks Act

Consumer Legislation

  • Bills of Exchange Act
  • Consumer Packaging and Labelling Act
  • Electricity and Gas Inspection Act
  • Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act
  • Precious Metals Marking Act
  • Textile Labelling Act
  • Timber Marking Act
  • Weights and Measures Act

Registrar General Functions

  • Public Documents Act
  • Public Officers Act
  • Seals Act
  • Trade Unions Act

Portfolio and Agency Legislation

  • Business Development Bank of Canada Act
  • Budget Implementation Act, 1997
  • Canadian Space Agency Act
  • Canadian Tourism Commission Act
  • Civil International Space Station Agreement Implementation Act
  • Copyright Act, R.S. 1985
  • Competition Tribunal Act
  • National Research Council Act
  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Act
  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Act
  • Standards Council of Canada Act
  • Statistics Act

Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)

Natural Resources Canada seeks to enhance the responsible development and use of Canada's natural resources and the competitiveness of Canada's natural resource products. Leader in science and technology in the fields of energy, forests, and minerals and metals and use our expertise in earth sciences to build and maintain an up-to-date knowledge base of our landmass. Through the Major Projects Management Office, NRCan will continue to provide overarching management of the federal regulatory review process for resource projects and to work collaboratively with other federal regulatory departments and agencies to develop and implement innovative new approaches to improve continually performance of the federal system. This work will include the development and implementation of a whole-of-government strategy to modernize the regulatory review process for project reviews, including improvements to the federal legislative and/or regulatory framework. It will also include working collaboratively with provincial governments to identify opportunities to improve the integration of federal and provincial review processes. Within the Government of Canada, the Minister of Natural Resources also has responsibilities for the natural resources portfolio, which includes:

  • Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL); two independent regulators:
    • the National Energy Board, and
    • the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission;
  • two offshore petroleum boards:
    • the Canada- Newfoundland and Labrador Offshore Petroleum Board, and
    • the Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Board; and
  • Sustainable Development Technology Canada, the Northern Pipeline Agency, and the Energy Supplies Allocation Board.

Natural Resources Canada Acts

The core powers, duties and functions are set forth in the Department of Natural Resources Act, the Resources and Technical Surveys Act and the Forestry Act. List of other acts:

  • Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act
  • Canada Foundation for Sustainable Development Technology Act
  • Canada Labour Code
  • Canada Lands Surveyors Act
  • Canada Lands Surveys Act
  • Canada-Newfoundland Atlantic Accord Implementation Act
  • Canada-Nova Scotia Offshore Petroleum Resources Accord Implementation Act
  • Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act
  • Canada Petroleum Resources Act
  • Canadian Ownership and Control Determination Act
  • Cape Breton Development Corporation Act
  • Cape Breton Development Corporation Divestiture Authorization and Dissolution Act
  • Cooperative Energy Act
  • Energy Administration Act
  • Energy Efficiency Act
  • Energy Monitoring Act
  • Energy Supplies Emergency Act
  • Explosives Act
  • Export and Import of Rough Diamonds Act
  • Hibernia Development Project Act
  • International Boundary Commission Act
  • National Energy Board Act
  • Northern Pipeline Act
  • Nuclear Energy Act
  • Nuclear Fuel Waste Act
  • Nuclear Liability Act
  • Nuclear Safety and Control Act
  • Oil Substitution and Conservation Act

Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC)

Public Works and Government Services Canada is the Government of Canada principal banker, accountant, central purchasing agent, linguistic service provider and authority, office space portfolio manager and enabler of access to government services online. PWGSC publishes the Canada Gazette, the official newspaper of the Government of Canada. Proposed regulations and supporting documentation are published in Part I of the Canada Gazette, while regulations that have been made are published in Part II. Part III of the Canada Gazette contains acts of Parliament after they have received royal assent, as well as a list of the Proclamations of Canada and Orders in Council (OIC) relating to the coming into force of federal acts. The Minister of PWGSC is also the Receiver General for Canada and has the authority for the administration of services related to benefits, superannuation, pension plans, and the disbursement of pay to federal employees. The Minister is also responsible for maintaining the Public Accounts of Canada.

Public Works and Government Services Canada Acts

The Department of Public Works and Government Services Act, (1996) established the Department and set out the legal authorities for PWGSC's services. The act established PWGSC as a common service organization providing government departments, boards and agencies with support services for their programs, including:

  • acquisition of goods and services;
  • office accommodation and facilities;
  • architectural and engineering services;
  • construction, maintenance and repair of public works and federal real property; and
  • linguistic, information technology, telecommunications, industrial security, consulting and auditing services.

Statistics Canada

The statistics produced by Statistics Canada inform national policy and support evidence-based program management. A large portion of Statistics Canada's activities is devoted to meeting the needs of federal, provincial and territorial government policy departments, and to measuring continually Canadian socioeconomic dynamics and emerging trends.

Statistics Canada Acts

Statistics Canada's mandate derives primarily from the Statistics Act, R.S.C. 1970. The Act requires that the agency collect, compile, analyse and publish statistical information on the economic, social and general conditions of the country and its people. This mandate covers a broad range of statutory requirements and instruments, as well as contractual obligations, for which Statistics Canada must produce information.

The Statistics Act requires Statistics Canada to conduct a Census of Population and a Census of Agriculture every fifth year. The Act also confers substantial powers on the agency to request information for statistical purposes through surveys of businesses and households.

Statistics Canada is also mandated to co-ordinate and lead the national statistical system, specifically to prevent duplication in the information collected by government. Statistics Canada can also, by law, access all administrative records (e.g., tax data, customs declarations, and birth and death records), enabling it to reduce reporting burden on business and individual respondents, and to reduce redundant data-collection efforts across government. Statistics Canada is considered a leader among statistical agencies in reducing reporting burden by using administrative data. Partnerships and cost-recovery arrangements with other federal departments, other jurisdictions and external organizations play a large role in reducing reporting burden.

Transport Canada

Transport Canada is responsible for the Government of Canada's transportation policies and programs. The Canada Transportation Act makes the department responsible for monitoring the ongoing health of the national transportation system, as well. While not directly responsible for all aspects or modes of transportation, the department plays a leadership role to ensure that all parts of the transportation system work together effectively.

Transport Canada is part of the Transport, Infrastructure and Communities portfolio. Under this portfolio, the Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities heads a complex organizational structure that includes Transport Canada, Infrastructure Canada, three agencies operating at arm's length from the department, 16 Crown corporations (e.g. VIA Rail, Marine Atlantic) and over 40 shared-governance organizations (e.g. Port of Montreal, Vancouver International Airport). This portfolio brings together key organizations, policies and programs to provide an integrated focus to issues affecting Canada's transportation system and public infrastructure.

Transport Canada has the responsibility and authority to propose and enforce laws and regulations to ensure safe, secure, efficient and clean transportation. The Minister of Transport is responsible for 52 statutes and shares responsibility for 5. This includes approximately 365 regulations directly related to the management of the Transport, Infrastructure and Communities Portfolio.

Key Acts for which the Minister is responsible (Transport Canada and Infrastructure Canada)

  • Aeronautics Act
  • Arctic Waters Pollution Prevention Act
  • Canada Marine Act
  • Canada Post Corporation Act
  • Canada Shipping Act, 2001
  • Canada Transportation Act
  • Canadian Air Transport Security Authority Act
  • Carriage by Air Act
  • Civil Air Navigation Services Commercialization Act
  • Coasting Trade Act
  • Department of Transport Act
  • Harbour Commissions Act
  • International Bridges and Tunnels Act
  • International Interests in Mobile Equipment (aircraft equipment) Act
  • Marine and Aviation War Risks Act
  • Marine Insurance Act
  • Marine Liability Act
  • Marine Transportation Security Act
  • Consumption Standards Act
  • Motor Vehicle Safety Act
  • Motor Vehicle Transport Act
  • Navigable Waters
  • Protection Act
  • Pilotage Act
  • Railway Safety Act
  • Royal Canadian Mint Act
  • Safe Containers Convention Act
  • Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992